When analyzing the movement of air, is verified that this is influenced directly by rotation of the land, because the atmospheric movements are the determinative ones of the climatic zones. Thus, the different distribution of the solar energy is responsible for the control of the temperatures, because the more far a locality will be of the line of the Equator, little insolation the locality will go to receive, also intervenes with the variation of the pressure, the winds, precipitations and oceanic chains. The radiation proceeding from the sun is responsible for the supplying of energy for all the meteorological phenomena that occur in the atmosphere. The great majority of the solar energy that the land receives passes for the atmosphere, reaching the terrestrial surface and heating it (BLACKSMITH, 2006, p.50). Blacksmith (2006) affirms that, the biggest heating of the terrestrial surface occurs enters the Tropic of Capricrnio (23,5 S) and the Tropic of Cancer (23,5 N), where the solar rays happen directly during all the year. Therefore, the temperatures between these latitudes remain high the year whole number, while in the latitudes highest, the temperature in accordance with varies the incidence of the solar rays. These variations of the temperature intervene with the change of the time. The more used climatic elements to characterize the climate that varies throughout the time are the temperature and the rainfall.
However, the climate nothing more is that the set of states of the meteorological time, and that it is regulated through the dynamics of the atmosphere. Thus, ' ' the distribution of the types of time, throughout the year, in the different zones of the land, characterizes the habitual succession of the atmospheric states or the rhythm climtico' ' (TAVARES, Antonio. Climatic changes. In: VITTE, B.C.; WAR. J.T. (orgs).
Reflections on physical geography in Brazil. Rio De Janeiro: Bertrand Brazil, 2004, P. 50).