Depending on the application loader uses two types of mechanisms for turning the bucket: Z-shaped, provides increased breakout force, and H-shaped with a larger angle of throwing back. Modern wheel loaders can be equipped with a variety of forks to grab the jaws without them for overloading of long, fibrous, lumpy goods, as well as general cargo on pallets. Front loaders and pneumatic boom can be equipped with lifting equipment. High maneuverability of most front loaders is achieved through an articulated frame which consists of two parts, hinged with a vertical axis. The rear frame is used for mounting the power plant, transmission, rear axle and cab, front – to secure the working equipment with hydraulic control and the front axle. Fixation and rotation of frames relative to each other by two hydraulic cylinders, servo controlled steering system types, providing the relative rotation of frames at an angle proportional to the steering wheel angle, whose value ranges from 28 (Liebherr) 45 (O & K) to each direction, but for the vast majority of machines is 40 . All wheel loaders are leading, which is why in the creation of traction involved weight machines and cargo.
The Slovak factory Podpolianske Strojarne (ZTS) Detva – the oldest supplier of Soviet construction companies. Forklifts Detvan well proven on domestic sites. Recently, families of UN vehicles Detvan KNB and replaced by a series of modern SEPT. Old trucks equipped with engine and hydrostatic transmission Zetor, working in conjunction with reverse transmission. New trucks are equipped with a diesel engine Cummins, torque converter and four-reverse gearbox under load such as Clark, front and rear axles with differentials, final drives and stupichnymi multi-disc brakes, working in an oil bath.