Without any doubt, the bone marrow transplant, is a procedure that has become one of the more popular over time. Additional information at stone clinical laboratories supports this article. However, it is convenient to know the reasons why this procedure is carried out. Transplantation of bone marrow or stem cells, is recommended for persons who suffer from certain cancers, such as leukemia, lymphoma or myeloma mutiple. On the other hand, there are many other diseases that make bone marrow does not produce nor the necessary type of cells, nor enough, such is the case of diseases such as thalassemia, aplastic anemia, immunodeficiency syndromes, congenital neutropenia, and sickle cell anemia. According to the purpose to perform bone marrow transplantation, there are three different types: the first known as bone marrow autotransplantation, takes place when the stem cells are taken from the same patient until it receives some treatment of chemotherapy or radiotherapy.
On the other hand, the allotransplantation of bone marrow, is performed when the stem cells come from another person, better known as the donor, which must be strictly compatible with the patient. Finally, umbilical cord transplant is when stem cells are taken from the umbilical cord immediately after the birth of a baby. What is being done is that cells of they typify and freeze until needed for a transplant.